Focetria Novartis | Everything about the  vaccine

Focetria Novartis | Everything about the vaccine

Focetria Novartis is a pandemic influenza vaccine for ( H1N1)V.

It Consists of antigen, and adjuvanted vaccines.

It increases response to pandemic influenza.

Focetria Novartis is composed of :

It's a vaccine that was made by Novartis.

The European Union has approved the vaccine for use.

It's a milky white liquid.

It's a suspension for injection.

It contains parts of the flu virus (antigens).

It contains a flu strain H1N1 virus NYMC X-181.

When a person is given a vaccine, the body's natural defense system will produce antibodies against the disease.

Consideration before using it :

You shouldn't take it in case of :

1- suffer from an allergic reaction to one of its components.

2- In case of severe infection.

3- Before blood testing.

Other medication

1- Tell your doctor before taking it. 

In cases of pregnancy, most doctors delay it until breastfeeding.

Taking it may affect driving and using machines.

Components of focetria Novartis vaccine :

1- active substance:

Influenza virus surface antigens of strain/ California /07/2009(H1N1)- derived strain used NYMC X -181 7.5 micrograms per. 5 ml dose.

2- Adjuvant :

It contains an adjuvant to stimulate a response.

It's an oil/ water emulsion.

3- other ingredients :

Sodium chloride.

Potassium chloride

Potassium.      

Dehydrogenase phosphate.

 Disodium phosphate dihydrate.

  Magnesium chloride hexahydrate.

Calcium chloride dihydrate.

Citric acid.

Sodium citrate.

 Water for injection.

Uses of focetria Novartis Vaccine:

It gives us protection against the flu.

 it Works against the H1N1 virus strain.

Most doctors recommend it and write it in prescriptions.

Ways of using focetria Novartis vaccine :

It is given as one dose. 5 ml of vaccine, and it may be sufficient according to clinical data.

Injected in shoulder muscles or thigh.

The second dose can be given after 3 weeks at least, it helps in increasing the immune response.

The second dose must be given to people more than 60 years old.

Can inject it in children from 6 to 35 months of age.

But it is not recommended for children less than 6 months.

Forms of the Focetria vaccine :

Ready to use in a syringe, contain a single dose of. 5 ml for injection.

The vial contains 10 doses. 5 / injection.

The action of focetria Novartis vaccine:

It works mainly in the body's natural defenses which are called the immune system.

The vaccine contains small amounts of protein of the outer membrane of the H1N1 virus which is called a surface antigen.

It doesn't cause any disease because it is an inactivated virus.

They extract and purify the outer membranes which contain surface antigen.

The body works as a defender for the virus, when you inject with the focetria Novartis vaccine your immune system recognizes it as a foreign body, then realizes antibodies against the virus after that if the body exposes to the virus again it will be able to fast produce antibodies.

This vaccine helps to protect the body against this strain of the disease.

Studies about focetria Novartis vaccine :

Its start was as a pandemic vaccine.

In 2009 It was mainly used as a vaccine for influenza A (H1N1).

Two studies were looking at the ability of two doses of vaccine to increase the immune system response.

There was a study on 661 adults free from disease containing 251 people above 60 years.

And one study in 720 healthy children from 6 months to 17 years.

Benefits of focetria Novartis vaccine explored during studies:

In two studies, the vaccine was helping in protecting against virus strain and increasing immune system response.

One dose can increase the immunity to a good level in adults and children and people from 6 months to 17 years.

The side effects  associated with focetria Novartis vaccine :

Like all drugs, vaccines can cause side effects.

These side effects are mild and last for a short time.

Most doctors are aware of these effects and have treatments available for use.

The main side effects of the vaccine on adults:

1- Headache.

2- Muscle pain.

3- Pain,  redness, swelling, and hardening of the site of injection.

4-feeling unwell.

5- tiredness as sweeping and fatigue.

6-Aching muscles.

7-sweating.

8- Bruising of the site of injection is a common side effect.

9- Rarely do flu-like symptoms, convulsion, eye swelling, and anaphylaxis occur in some cases.

Side effects in children

1-Irritability  

2- Unusual crying.

3-Sleeping.

4-Diarrhoea.

5-Changes in eating habits.

Side effects in oldescents

1- Nausea

2- chills.

3- sweating.

4- Hardness of the skin of injection.

Side  effects after days and weeks of injection :

1-skin reaction as hives, rash, swelling, and itching.

2-  Gut disorders such as nausea, abdominal pain, drowsiness, fainting, and headache.

3-  Allergic reactions such as wheezing, swelling of the throat, shortness of breath, or may cause a decrease in blood pressure.

These side effects may remain for two days if it increases more than them you should see your doctors.

 focetria Novartis vaccine shouldn't be given to patients who suffer from severe allergic reactions to any of the contents of the vaccine and its substance which is found in small amounts such as egg, chicken protein, kanamycin, neomycin, formaldehyde, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, and ovalbumin.

Causes of approval focetria Novartis vaccine

There are benefits more than side effects.

It was authorized under exceptional circumstances as limited information and scientific causes.

These circumstances ended in August 2010.

Information for medical staff about focetria Novartis vaccine :

Vaccines should be saved at room temperature before use.

Gently shake it before use.

Bring a sterile syringe that contains only one dose.

 vials that contain more doses should be shared before every use.

Bring a sterile syringe for withdrawal of dose.

Vials have preserving substances to prevent contamination but it may occur during withdrawal of each dose.

Store vials after using between 2:7 C.

The following dose should be used after 24 h from the previous use.

Save the date of the first dose to detect the second dose.

Vaccine administered intramuscular, not intravascularly.

Storage of vaccine :

Out of children.

Store in temperature between 2:8 C.

Protect it from light.

Don't freeze.

Don't use it after the expiry date.

Summary

Most doctors advise patients to take the focetria Novartis vaccine during the spread of the disease.

It protects against virus strain.

The second dose helps trigger the immune response

If the side effects remain for more than 2 days you should see the doctor.