الإصدار الأول: ١٥ تشرين الأول/أكتوبر ٢٠٢١م
من مؤتمر العلوم وما بعد الجائحة

Global health diplomacy and the issue of forming a multilateral system to strengthen global health governance after COVID-19

Ass. Prof. Mohamed Aziz Abdul-Hassan Al-BAYATI & Ass. Prof. Basma Khaleel Namuq M.

Abstract

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international relations and caused diplomatic tensions due to problems related to some countries' attempt to monopolize medical supplies and prevent their export outside their borders, or tensions over trade and transportation of medicines, diagnostic tests and hospital equipment for Coronavirus disease 2019. The pandemic was one of the reasons for the issuance of a United Nations Security Council resolution calling for a global ceasefire. The pandemic is likely to lead to major changes in the international system and may necessitate a significant rethinking of current approaches to international relations, with a greater focus on issues such as health diplomacy, crisis politics, and border politics. Leaders of some countries have accused other countries of not containing the disease effectively, which has led to the uncontrolled spread of the virus. Developing countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa cannot find sufficient materials to test for Coronavirus disease, in part because the United States and countries in Europe are spending resources in a manner to protect their citizens and by monopolizing trade and transport of medicines and all other supplies of the COVID-19 pandemic to third world countries This research aims to shed light on the concept of the method of exercising the powers of good governance, Or what has been termed as “governance,” especially global health governance There is no doubt that governance has become of great importance worldwide now Recently, after the spread of Covid-19, there has been an increase in talk about global health governance and its role in improving the general performance of health institutions operating under the management of the World Health Organization. The necessity to implement and monitor its regulations in most international health activities has emerged to ensure that The rights of full coordination between these health institutions operating in various countries to reduce the size The Covid 19 pandemic and preventing its spread through a harmonious series of preventive health measures in addition to laboratory coordination to measure the effectiveness of the vaccines in circulation and study their positive results and reduce side health effects And the concept of governance in general as a set of procedures and processes that take place from During which organizations are directed and controlled, so that the general framework of governance includes identification And the distribution of rights and responsibilities to the various parties in the organization or institution from The board of directors, directors, shareholders and other stakeholders, in addition to working to formulate and establish the rules and procedures for decision-making in that organization A good governance system is based on achieving the optimum level of examination, control and oversight Balanced and include effective internal and external lines of communication, in addition to Promote a culture of responsibility and accountability through setting up and developing a system for measurement and evaluation. And given the absolute chaos inflicted on global public health and the international economic system - dominated by US trade and Chinese industrialization fueled by oil and gas producing countries, in the Middle East There was debate about the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic on the existing power structures in the international system. For change, global political events are not dictated by one or two superpowers, but governments everywhere are now racing to meet the same challenge, adopting different methods from complete quarantine and lockdown to fortification of the herd. Although the virus originated in Wuhan, China, it was one of the world's greatest global equivalents. Unlike humans, viruses are not concerned with where their victims come from, the religion they follow, or the ideology they believe in. All of them are at risk, and with economies closed and resources exhausted, the dynamics of international power could see a shift in the era of the coronavirus. To improve preparedness for health governance, countries should quickly :- Re-establishing global norms for multilateral solidarity and cooperation, including through crucial matters for establishing general rules for the reforms of the International Health Regulations, implementing regular review by holding international health conferences and considering new international instruments or mechanisms to support them through the sharing of international data, research and development and equitable access. To diagnostics, treatments, vaccines, and medical goods. Immediately address the funding constraints of WHO through increases in assessed contributions and prioritizing investment in the multilateral strengthening of accessible, affordable, acceptable and high-quality health systems.  Developing frameworks and processes for a more coherent and responsive coordination among international health institutions and implanting epidemic preparedness in all policies at the international level; - Effective incorporation of the principles of good governance into international and national health decision-making bodies and processes, particularly processes to ensure accountability, transparency, fairness, participation and the rule of law. The problematic of our research stems from the following main questions: Has the COVID-19 pandemic revealed the failure of global and national health governance to prepare for emergencies as an important component of preparedness in addressing the impact and dimensions of the spread of the pandemic in all parts of the world? Is the failure to prepare to confront Corona due to the failure of governance in global collective action, as a result of the lack of investment in preparedness, including coordination and participation with multilateral systems, and financing?

Keywords

Global health, diplomacy forming, a multilateral system strengthen, global health governance, COVID-19

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