Abstract- This era is witnessing a huge development and growth in economic development as well as many other fields. Development is concept of process that concerns all levels and fields of life. The embodiment of this process depends on several factors that vary in importance from one situation to another, and from one country to another. Despite this economic development, there is a phenomenon of unemployment witnessed by the individual and society. Unemployment is defined as people who do not have a job. Its statistics are probably one of the most closely monitored indicators of the work market. Unemployment occurs when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work. Unemployment is one of the key indicators of the economy. Population is always associated with unemployment. When there are no worthy changes in economic and institutional settings, the demographic factors then play an important role in the issue of unemployment. The unemployment rate is a percentage, and calculated by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by the number of all currently employed individuals in the labor force or number of adult population. There are a lot of factors which caused the unemployment. The present situation of unemployment, especially the educated peoples of a country has the gap of the founding of valuable and available jobs and educational organization. Unemployment problem face many countries. In the last two decades, Egypt continued to witness an increase in the size of its working population resulting from earlier high population growth rates. There are a number of commonly specific challenges facing male and female youth in entering the labor market and take part to increasing the unemployment rate. As a general phenomenon, private sectors are responsible for creating working jobs. But the quality of civil service is crucial for development. Investment in skills of people, quality education and learning programs shall facilitate people to equip necessary skills required.
Keywords: Unemployment, economy, definitions, youth unemployment, Population.